The perspective most often taken is to look at the effects of parenting (what does parenting do to the child?). However, Alice van der Pas looks carefully from a different perspective - what is the parent's experience? She provides a powerful conceptual framework in her book, A Serious Case of Neglect: The Parental Experience of Child Rearing.
In The First Idea: How Symbols, Language, and Intelligence Evolved from our Primate Ancestors to Modern Humans, Stanley I. Greenspan, M.D. and Stuart G. Shanker, D.Phil. explain how the future of humanity depends on relationship-building. And it begins with intimate, two-way relationships between parent and child. These are the base on which a child builds relationships with others in the community, the nation, the world.
Read more here: Thinking About Parenting.